Ayurveda emphasizes preventative and healing therapies along with various methods of purification and rejuvenation. Ayurveda is more than a mere healing system, it is a science and art of appropriate living which helps to achieve longevity. It can also guide every individual in the prevention of disease and long term maintenance of health. To achieve this balanced state of body, mind and consciousness, Ayurveda prescribes Panchakarma Therapy for the cleansing of body toxins.
What is panchakarma?
Ayurved Panchakarma : Unique Way of Holistic Healing
In this modern age of globalisation and scientific devedlopement we hav more than enough facility for health problems. But still for health Problems like HIV-AIDS, Diabetes,Blood pressure modern sciences have no solution. In this area worlds oldest Indian science ayurveda given proven ,fundamental solution called panchakarma .Panchakarma means five purification process or therapies:treatments.Ayurveda believes that due to certains reason like season& weather change certain toxin in the form of tissue waste accumalated in our body systems.That enhances function of the system . This is root cause of all type of disorders.Ayurvedic treatment give more emphasis on prevention than cure. That’s why prevention is always better than cure.
In ayurveda medicines are indicated for both purposes prevention & cure .there are two types of treatment, adviced in ayurveda
1.shamana (internal medicene)
2. shodhana ( internal purification)
Panchakarma is of shodhana type of treatment . There are so many subtypes of this therapy and different types of herbal massages, fomentation's such as steam, external oil treatments, Basti (medicated enemas), Virechana (purgation through herbs), Vamana (emesis through herbs), Nasya (nasal administration of oils) etc. are also incorporated. These practices are extremely helpful in relieving deep seated diseases as well as being beneficial for maintaining and improving physical and mental health.
Purvakarma: Pre-purification Measures for Panchakarma
Before the actual operation of purification begins, there is a need to prepare the body in prescribed methods to encourage the release of toxins. The two procedures are Snehana and Swedana.
Snehana (Abhyangam) is the oil massage. Oil is applied to the entire body with a particular type of massage which helps the toxins to move towards the gastro-intestinal tract. Oil massage also makes the superficial and deep tissues soft and supple, thus helping to remove stress and to nourish the nervous system. Snehana is given daily for three to seven days, as indicated.
Swedana is sudation or sweating and is given every day immediately following the Snehana. An herbal concoction may be added to the steam to further loosen the toxins from the individual. Swedana liquefies the toxins and increases the movement of toxins into the gastro-intestinal tract.
Pradhanakarma:Main Purification measures of Panchakarma
Leech Therapy: Blood Purification
The Leeches are worms living in the water. Leeches used worldwide for medical purpose. A single leech can suck upto 10-30 ml. impure blood.
Indication for leech therapy
There is still large scope in this field for reasearch Properties of hirudine are wellknown for Antinflamatory, antibiotic effect Normalisation & improvement of capillay circulation.Anti stress effect,Anticoagulant & anasthetic effect I munomodulatory & imunostimulant effect as blood purifire.Anti bacterial effect.Improvement in extra capillary blocks.
Leeches firstly used in 1960 to treat intra venous insufficiency. After then they are popular in plastic reconstructive surjery & in skin graft Leech provide good asistant to relive block .
In General, Leech therapy is indicated for the problems such as treat diseases, inflametory reaction, Arthritis & rhuematic disorder, Tenderness varicose veins, throumbus , arthrosis, muscular tention, for blood purification & generation, thrombosis & embolism, congestion, hypertention pain relif etc. Use of Leech in cancer & Hiv are part of reseacrt but not contra indicated.
Vamana: Emesis Therapy
When there is congestion in the lungs causing repeated attacks of bronchitis, colds, cough or asthma, the Ayurvedic treatment is therapeutic vomiting - Vamana, to eliminate the Kapha which is causing the excess mucus.
Virechana: Purgation Therapy
When excess bile, Pitta, is secreted and accumulated in the gall bladder, liver and small intestine, it tends to result in rashes, skin inflammation, acne, chronic attacks of fever, vomiting, nausea and jaundice. Ayurvedic literature suggests in these conditions the administration of therapeutic purgation or a therapeutic laxative.
Nasya: Nasal Administration
The nose is the doorway to the brain and it is also the doorway to consciousness. The nasal administration of medication is called Nasya. An excess of bodily humors accumulated in the sinus, throat, nose or head areas is eliminated by means of the nearest possible opening, the nose.
Basti: Enema Therapy
Vata's predominant site is the colon. Ayurvedic Basti involves the introduction into the rectum of herbal decoction, sesame oil, and certain herbal preparations in a liquid medium. Basti, is the most effective treatment of Vata disorders, although many enemas over a prescribed period of time are usually required. It relieves constipation, distention, chronic fever, cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, backache, sciatica and other pains in the joints. Many other Vata disorders such as arthritis, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches may also be treated with Basti. Basti therapy is divided in two main types - Anuvasana Basti - medicated oil enemas and Niruha Basti - medicated enema of decoctions and medicated oils.
Other specialized therapies of Panchakarma:
- Dhara Chikitsa
- Abhyanga & Massage
- Snehana, Swedana
- Patra Pottali
- Kati basti
- Hrudaya basti
- Karna Puran
- Deep Yantra
- Leech Therapy
One therapy of Panchakarma require 7 to 10 days.Total Panchakarma needs near about 3 months.